The mandate of Task Group 109 is to develop an ICRP publication presenting the ethical aspects in the use of radiation in medicine, addressed to the radiological protection of patients, and intended for medical professionals, patients, the public, and authorities. This builds upon ICRP Publication 138 which identified the ethical values associated with the system of radiological protection for occupational, public and medical exposures, and for protection of the environment.
Although ethics cannot provide conclusive solutions in all specific cases, it can undoubtedly help in facilitating discussions among those acting to promote the well-being of individuals. The medical practice has a long history in moral philosophy, formalized in biomedical ethics in the late seventies, and these principles have been widely applied in medicine for patients and research subjects. A clear understanding of ethical values, together with the principles of radiological protection, can help address issues of potential conflict in decision making.
The publication to be developed will present the ethical issues in the context of the use of radiation in medicine, in specific patient care circumstances. Different care scenarios will be considered as examples on how and which reflections on ethical values can be of help in decision making process, with attention to do more good than harm and to personal dignity and respect. Proposed scenarios will include: radiological and nuclear medicine in pregnant patients, pediatrics, elderly patients, end of life scenario and medical screening.
|François Bochud (Co-Chair), IRA CHUV, Switzerland|
|Marie-Claire Cantone (Co-Chair), University of Milan, Italy|
|Frederic Fahey (Member), Boston Children's Hospital, USA|
|Chieko Kurihara-Saio (Member), Japan|
|Alberto Lachos-Davilla (Member), Peru|
|Friedo Zölzer (Member), University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic|
|John Damilakis (Corresponding Member), European Alliance for Medical Radiation Protection Research (EURAMED), Greece|
|Bernard Le Guen (Corresponding Member), France|
|Jim Malone (Corresponding Member), Trinity College Dublin, Ireland|
|Margaret Murphy (Corresponding Member), Ireland|
|Maria del Rosario Perez (Corresponding Member), World Health Organisation (WHO), Switzerland|