Radiological Protection of People and the Environment in the Event of a Large Nuclear Accident

The draft Radiological Protection of People and the Environment in the Event of a Large Nuclear Accident is now available for public consultation. We welcome comments from individuals and organisations. The draft document can be downloaded from the ICRP website. Comments must be submitted through the ICRP website no later than September 20, 2019.


This publication provides a framework for the protection of people and the environment in the case of large nuclear accidents, drawing on the experience of Chernobyl and Fukushima. The immediate response is an emergency exposure situation, while longer term post-accident rehabilitation is considered as an existing exposure situation. A nuclear accident inevitably creates new circumstances and consequences for the health and well-being of people, both in the immediate vicinity of the facility and beyond. Although actions to reduce radiation exposure can be relatively straightforward, the implementation of protection should take careful account of all hazards and implications, both radiological and non-radiological, in order to provide reasonable and sustainable living conditions. In both exposure situations, these objectives are achieved using the fundamental principles of justification of decisions and optimisation of protection with reference levels. An emergency response is characterised by rapid and responsive decision making and actions, often with very little information. This response must rely on emergency preparedness based on actions that most closely match the actual situation. The decision to terminate urgent protective actions will need to reflect the prevailing circumstances as time progresses. Once the situation is under control, the process of recovery can begin. In this process, individual lifestyles become a key factor to control radiation exposure. It is the role of the authorities to provide the conditions and means for sharing of expertise and information to enable individuals to make informed decisions about their own lives, and to develop a radiological protection culture. ICRP recommends that authorities should involve key representative stakeholders to participate at all stages in emergency and recovery management.

Draft Document: Radiological Protection of People and the Environment in the Event of a Large Nuclear Accident

Submit your comment before: October 25, 2019


 Name OrganisationDate
ViewOEon behalf ofmiyake consulting house2019-09-19 14:19
ViewKimiko Inuion behalf ofлƥȤҤ2019-09-19 13:25
ViewAkemi Konumaas an individualnone2019-09-19 12:57
ViewYukiko Tanakaas an individualN/A2019-09-19 12:35
ViewHiroshi Kuriharaas an individualNone2019-09-19 11:24
ViewSOKAWA, Yoshihiroas an individualThe Japan Scientists' Association2019-09-19 9:12
Viewc@_as an individualO̊C˔\̉2019-09-19 5:53
ViewHide Nakagawaas an individualindividual2019-09-19 5:02
ViewBrian Ahieron behalf ofHealth Canada - Radiation Protection Bureau2019-09-18 18:13
ViewShizue Tomodaas an individualNone2019-09-18 18:12
Viewas an individualNone2019-09-18 15:38
Viewkiyoshi enomotoas an individualnone2019-09-18 14:24
ViewKaoru Kobashias an individualNo Nukes Kobe2019-09-18 9:56
ViewAkihiko Gyojaas an individualNone2019-09-18 7:16
ViewҎӢas an individualԭо2019-09-18 2:27
ViewTomonori Hiroseon behalf ofThe Federation of Electric Power Companies of Japan2019-09-17 0:54
ViewEmi Sakagamias an individualnone2019-09-17 18:22
ViewNoriko Nonakaon behalf ofNoriko Nonaka2019-09-17 14:06
View永田文夫as an individualIwate Committee to Protect the Sanriku Sea from Radiation2019-09-17 13:18
Viewmatsuzaki michiyukias an individualnone2019-09-17 3:00
ViewSatoko Tanakaas an individualThanks & Dream : Association of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Evacuees2019-09-15 1:07
ViewKanako Miharaon behalf of名古屋市民測定Cラボ2019-09-15 20:12
ViewMichio Murakamias an individualFukushima Medical University2019-09-15 4:18
ViewEisuke Naramotoon behalf ofnone2019-09-15 2:59
ViewAtsushi Araganeon behalf ofnone2019-09-15 2:57
ViewMari Hoshikawaas an individualGreens Japan,Nuclear-free Japan2019-09-14 23:51
ViewAKIKO MORIMATSUas an individual Thanks & Dream: Association of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Evacuees2019-09-14 18:28
ViewNaoki KUBOas an individualDr2019-09-14 9:48
ViewMichio Murakamias an individualFukushima Medical University2019-09-14 9:21
ViewYoko Chaseas an individualnone2019-09-14 6:16
View木村雅英 KIMURA Masahideas an individual経産省前テントひろば Ministry of2019-09-14 5:19
ViewYoko Shimosawa as an individual Individual 2019-09-13 12:43
ViewTAKAHASHI Takezoas an individualPersonal2019-09-13 12:25
View˾on behalf of˾2019-09-13 4:27
ViewNoboru Kojimaas an individualKojima Dental Clinic2019-09-12 9:05
ViewEisuke Naramotoas an individualnone2019-09-12 4:17
ViewMasato IDAas an individualEarly retired from: J-PARC Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency2019-09-11 10:21
ViewKato Rinon behalf ofindividual/Evacuees from the Fukushima nuclear disaster.2019-09-10 18:35
ViewTamie Andoas an individualMyself,Japan2019-09-10 10:16
ViewACROon behalf ofACRO, France ( 21:26
View Norihisa Sakaguchias an individualː戵C2019-09-08 14:58
ViewPaul Langley as an individualAustralian Atomic ExServicemen's Association, associate member. 2019-09-08 7:03
ViewR{@Gqon behalf ofNone2019-09-06 21:40
ViewKenneth Kepleras an individualChurch of the Larger Fellowship, Unitarian Universalist2019-09-06 14:22
ViewSeri Ishikawaas an individualGreenpeace Japan2019-09-06 6:57
ViewTADA, Jun Ichiroas an individualN. P. O. Radiation Safety Forum2019-09-05 9:41
ViewKenzo Fujimoto, an individualRetiree2019-09-04 2:09
ViewKANNA MITSUTAon behalf ofFriends of the Earth Japan2019-09-03 7:38
Viewtochas an individualnone2019-09-02 11:57
ViewIchiro Yamaguchias an individualNational Institute of Public Health 2019-08-29 15:02
ViewPatrick Bosoldas an individualSelf2019-08-29 3:43
ViewDr. Alex Rosenon behalf ofIPPNW Germany2019-08-28 21:58
ViewTito Galdoas an individualMr.2019-08-28 18:29
ViewBarbara Wefingas an individualNone2019-08-28 14:20
ViewLaura Hanksas an individualnone2019-08-27 17:51
ViewScott Sklaron behalf ofThe Stella Group, Ltd.2019-08-27 3:46
ViewMichael Crowdenas an individual 2019-08-26 22:54
ViewRobert Travalineas an individualN/A2019-08-26 12:32
ViewSandra Couchas an individualMiss2019-08-25 21:12
ViewStephen and Robin Newbergas an individualMr2019-08-25 18:47
ViewKatherine O'Sullivanas an individualInwood Preservation2019-08-25 2:10
ViewTom Houghamas an individualmyself2019-08-24 18:16
ViewKevin Rolfesas an individualn/a2019-08-24 17:51
ViewJane Danjinas an individualIndividual2019-08-24 16:52
ViewDenise Lytleas an individualn/a2019-08-24 16:37
ViewCaryn Graveson behalf ofBeyond Nuclear2019-08-24 16:09
ViewStephen Glivaas an individualn/a2019-08-24 15:39
ViewSandy Sandersas an individualsandys.art2019-08-23 23:24
ViewJim Lykinsas an individualnone2019-08-23 23:20
ViewCindy Folkerson behalf ofBeyond Nuclear2019-08-23 18:24
ViewFumio MATSUDAas an individualNuclear Regulation Authority, Japan2019-08-21 12:13
ViewMajiaas an individualIndividual2019-08-09 17:21
Viewkosaku yamadaas an individualantiwarsenior group2019-08-09 15:55
ViewSteven M Baker, an individualUmtanum Enterprise2019-08-01 23:38
ViewSteven M Baker, Ph.D.on behalf ofPlanning Committee for the international conference 'Applicability of Radiation-Response Models to2019-07-28 17:05
ViewAlan Fellman, Ph.D., an individualNV5 Dade Moeller2019-06-25 16:26